Techniques and Materials
1- PORPHYRY 2-RED GRANITE 3- BRES STONE 4- PUDDING STONE 5- MARBLE
Walls of building was built with the mold stone because this meteryal is light and easy for processing.
The mold stone was transported by sea way to Ahirkapı , then this materiel was transported from here to the construction site with horse cars.
According to the Ottoman archives ;white marble from the island of Marmara, red porphyry stone (porphyry) from Anatolia Mihalic, lead for covering the domes from Üsküp ve Sidre Kapsa and the wood Bart from Ereğli, Izmit, Karasu, Üsküdar, Rumeli and the Samanli.
Marble, granite and porphyry materiels was used fort he columns of Mosque.
In the construction book ; red stone was used for mold, belt, lectern, chamfered and other part of construction .
The experts think this materiels are pudding stone and breccia Stones .
Courtyard of the mosque has 26 columns what is made in by white marble, porphyry (porphyry) and pudding stone . These 26 columns are carried 30 dome with belts what is surrounded on four sides.
Tilework and stained glass
Upper sections of the mosque are painted in geometric bands and organic medallions of bright reds and blues, but much of this is not original. Rather, the careful choreography of more than 20,000 Iznik tiles rise from the mid-sections of the mosque and dazzle the visitor with their brilliant blue, green, and turquoise hues, and lend the mosque its popular sobriquet.
At the 2014 restoration project all tiles was enumerated and the actual number has been identified as 23 000 of pieces tiles in the temple.
Traditional motifs on the tiles such as cypress trees, tulips, roses, and fruits evoke visions of a bountiful paradise. Sultan Ahmet requisitioned these specifically for the building. The lavish use of tile decoration on the interior was a first in Imperial Ottoman mosque architecture. The intensity of the tiles is accentuated by the play of natural light from more than 200 windows that pierce the drums of the central dome, each of the half-domes, and the side walls. These windows originally contained Venetian stained glass.